Sunday, 6 March 2016

Understanding GOPATH

During the process of writing the Bing Web API in Go, I learned a lot about how to use the GOPATH environment variable properly, and assembling all my projects in the same project path. Doing this makes all Go development easier. It actually took me a long time to accept that this was the best way to do it, but now I'm reorganising all my code to fit this pattern. 

For those who want to have a better understanding of GOPATH, have a look at the go environment variable and the go build package. It basically says

GOPATH=/home/user/gocode

/home/user/gocode/
    src/
        foo/
            bar/               (go code in package bar)
                x.go
            quux/              (go code in package main)
                y.go
    bin/
        quux                   (installed command)
    pkg/
        linux_amd64/
            foo/
                bar.a          (installed package object) 
In my case "foo/" is "github.com/borglefink/" and "bar/" is "bingapi/". All new projects hosted at my github.com account are added as siblings to "bar/" (like the suggested "quux/" above). Each of those "siblings" are connected to their own git repository. If I don't have my projects open-sourced, I can keep them on the "foo/" or the "bar/" level, whatever works for me.

If you don't quite "get" the structure, I really recommend looking at the documentation mentioned above.

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